Apples have a good claim to promote health, eating an apple a day slashes the risk of dying early by 35 per cent a study has found. They contain Vitamin C, which aids the immune system, and phenols, which reduce cholesterol, It has also been researchers that the quercetin found in apples protects brain cells against neuro-degenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s Disease.
Women who ate more than 100 grams of the fruit each day; one small apple, were likely to have a longer life expectancy than those who didn t.
Researchers at the University of Western Australia followed a group of pensioners aged 70 to 85 for 15 years.
Each of the 1456 participants completed a food frequency questionnaire which the researchers used to understand how apples impacted on their mortality.
It was found a variety of different fruits when consumed on a daily basis gave moderate health benefits.
Apples have high levels of flavonoids and fibre which are linked to artery relaxation, lower cholesterol and blood pressure, and a reduced cancer risk.
Dr Jonathan Hodgson from the UWAs School of Medicine and Pharmacology said it was due to high concentrations of fibre and flavonoids in the skin.
Flavonoids are plant compounds found in fruit and vegetables including apples, berries, pears, strawberries and radishes.
The researchers examined the impact of apples because they are a popular and widely eaten fruit.
“Women who ate apples regularly had a lower risk of dying, but,” Dr Hodgson said, “the benefits would also apply to other fruit and vegetables.”