Barracuda Fish

Barracuda Fish - Kund Jaira

Barracuda Fish

The barracuda is a ray-finned fish known for its large size, fearsome appearance and furious behaviour. The barracuda is a saltwater fish of the genus Sphyraena, the only genus in the family Sphyraenidae, and is found in tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide ranging from the Eastern border of the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea and Caribbean Sea. They are found near the top of the water and near coral reefs and sea grasses.

Barracuda Fish - Kund Jaira

Barracuda Fish - Kund

Barracuda Fish - Kund Jaira

Barracuda Fish - Kund

Barracuda Fish - Kund

Barracuda Fish - Kund Jaira

Barracuda are snake-like in appearance, with prominent, sharp-edged, fang-like teeth, much like piranhas, all of different sizes, set in sockets of their large jaws. They have large, pointed heads with an underbite in many species. Their gill covers have no spines and are covered with small scales. Their two dorsal fins are widely separated, with the anterior fin having five spines, and the posterior fin having one spine and 9 soft rays. The posterior dorsal fin is similar in size to the anal fin and is situated above it. The lateral line is prominent and extends straight from head to tail. The spinous dorsal fin is placed above the pelvic fins and is normally retracted in a groove. The caudal fin is moderately forked with its posterior edged double-curved and is set at the end of a stout peduncle. The pectoral fins are placed low on the sides. Its swim bladder is large.

Barracuda Fish - Kund

In most cases, a barracuda is dark blue, dark green, white, or gray on its upper body, with silvery sides and a chalky-white belly. Coloration varies somewhat between species. For some species, irregular and unorganized black spots or a row of darker cross-bars occur on each side. Their fins may be yellowish or dusky. Barracudas live primarily in oceans, but certain species, such as the great barracuda, live in brackish water.


Barracuda Fish - Kund

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sphyraenidae
Rafinesque, 1815
Genus: Sphyraena

Behavior and diet:

Barracudas are ferocious, opportunistic predators, relying on surprise and short bursts of speed, up to 27 mph (43 km/h), to overtake their prey.

Adults of most species are more or less solitary, while young and half-grown fish frequently congregate. Barracudas prey primarily on fish (which may include some as large as themselves). They kill and consume larger prey by tearing chunks of flesh. Barracuda are competitive species and often are seen competing against mackerel, needle fish and sometimes even dolphins for prey.

Barracuda feed on an array of prey including fish such as jacks, grunts, groupers, snappers, small tunas, mullets, killifishes, herrings, and anchovies by simply biting them in half. They also seem to consume smaller species of sustenance that are in front of them.

Interactions with humans:

Like sharks, some species of barracuda are reputed to be dangerous to swimmers. Barracudas are scavengers, and may mistake snorkelers for large predators, following them hoping to eat the remains of their prey. Swimmers have reported being bitten by barracuda, but such incidents are rare and possibly caused by poor visibility. Large barracudas can be encountered in muddy shallows on rare occasion. Barracudas may mistake things that glint and shine for prey.

Barracuda Fish call in other languages:

Languages Fish Name
Arabic عقام
Cebuano Sphyraena
Navajo Yílnoodii (łóóʼ)
Estonian Barrakuuda
Greek Μπαρακούντα
Spanish Sphyraena
Basque Barrakuda
Persian کوترماهیان
French Sphyraena
Korean 꼬치고기속
Indonesian Barakuda
Hebrew ברקודה
Lithuanian Barakudos
Hungarian Nyilascsukafélék
Malay Ikan Alu-alu
Nāhuatl Tolmichin
Dutch Sphyraena
Japanese カマス
Norwegian Barracudaer
Polish Sphyraena
Portuguese Barracuda
Romanian Sfirenide
Russian Барракуды
Simple English Barracuda
Finnish Barrakudat
Swedish Sphyraena
Tamil சீலா மீன்
Thai วงศ์ปลาสาก
Turkish Barakuda
Ukrainian Баракуда
Vietnamese Cá nhồng
Waray Sphyraena
Cantonese 梭魚
Chinese 梭子魚